There are many types of places that teach Japanese language in the US:
There are several ways to gain skills to teach Japanese:
If you are interested in becoming an elementary or a secondary school teacher at a private school or at a university, check with the schools individually to ask about requirements. Many do not require a license.
If you are interested in becoming an elementary, middle, or high school teacher at a public school, you will first need to obtain certification in the form of a teaching license, certificate, or credential. You must apply for a license from your state's Department of Education.
Visit your state's Department of Education website, and research the license requirements.
In general, you need:
In fact, the Japan Foundation supported Langcred.org's free webinar about Japanese language credentialing, which you can now find here.
States usually have several different ways to get a language teacher license. There is usually a "traditional route" which starts with getting a bachelor's degree in education, and an "alternative route" for people who got their bachelor's degree in a different subject, or in a different country.
Choose your certification route very carefully. What kind of school do you want to teach at? Call that school and ask which teacher's license they require. Ask their advice on how to get it.
Getting a license is complicated, but don't give up! There are communities of Japanese teachers that can give you advice. Visit our list of Japanese teachers associations to find one near you.
Also, find a mentor at the university where you decide to get your teacher training. They can help you through the application.
All states manage applications differently, so please thoroughly research the process on your state's Department of Education website. Don't be afraid to call them and ask questions!
Note: a few states do not even offer a teaching certificate in Japanese. In such cases teachers must be certified to teach some other subject area as a springboard (ie: Math, P.E., American History), or receive an "emergency certificate" which may last a year or longer as you work toward getting a more permanent license.
Note: once you have obtained a teaching certificate in one state, you cannot freely use it in any other state. However, many states will accept another state's certificate as full or partial fulfillment of requirements in the certificate application process. This is called "reciprocity."
If you are interested in teaching at the college level, you need to have an MA or Ph.D. in an appropriate field of study. The majority of current teachers of Japanese have typically earned their MA or Ph.D. degrees in such fields as Japanese Linguistics, Japanese Literature, East Asian Languages & Literatures, Applied Linguistics, Educational Psychology, TESL, or Curriculum and Instruction. Some institutions offer MA programs in Japanese language pedagogy. You should be aware, however, that it has been extremely difficult recently to locate a permanent college teaching position without a Ph.D. The majority of the positions offered to MA holders are limited to one year temporary positions or annually renewable positions that are typically subject to the program's funding situation.
This summary of licensure programs in the US was created as a resource for potential Japanese-language teachers of elementary/secondary and post-secondary levels. The list includes contact information for institutions that offer a program which leads to licensure as Japanese language educators. It is based on a survey conducted by the Japan Foundation, Los Angeles, and is updated semi-annually.
Degrees vary between Bachelor's degrees (BA), Master's degrees (MA), and Doctoral degrees (PhD), teaching certificates and teaching licenses. This information should be used as a reference to get you started and is not comprehensive. If you are interested in one of these programs, please contact the school directly for more information. If you know of any other programs not on the list, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Note: Some of the information in the list was compiled from data received from the National Council of State Supervisors for Languages (NCSSFL). Without their contributions, this page would not have been possible.
All public school teachers must be certified in the state in which they teach, and the requirements vary greatly between each state. Some states will accept another state's license as full or partial fulfillment of their requirements.
LangCred.org has entries for every teaching license or certificate in the US, and many entries have notes about which other states accept that license under "reciprocity."
Teach.com has entries for every state, and explains how that state deals with out-of-state teachers.
1. If you are a native speaker of Japanese and you're considering a short-term teaching experience, you may want to consider the following options:
ALLEX (Alliance for Language Learning and Educational Exchange) has the IEP (Intercultural Exchange Program) in Japanese, which enables post-secondary institutions to begin or maintain a high quality Japanese language program by providing them with professionally trained, native Japanese instructors who teach in exchange for tuition waivers to pursue a master's, associate's or second bachelor's degree.
J-LEAP (The Japanese-Language Education Assistant Program) is coordinated by the Japan Foundation, Los Angeles and the Laurasian Institution. It focused on bringing native Japanese assistant teachers to K-12 schools in the US.
2. If you are a native speaker of Japanese, are interested in a teaching experience, and do not need to support yourself, there are some agencies in Japan that send volunteer assistants to U.S. schools and universities.
ISECE (International Society of Educational and Cultural Exchange) has a program that sends teaching assistants to immersion programs in the US.
To explore your options for obtaining a work visa in the US, visit the State Department's Visa Wizard. It will help you start your research. This temporary work visa explanation page may also be helpful.